The report

      This paper highlights the impact that pressures on the limited resource base may have on comprehensively fulfilling the aspirational and ambitious SDGs. It brings forth the need for an understanding of the nexus between components of the natural resource system and the natural and socio-economic ecosystems to identify the environment-development trade-offs envisaged in the implementation of the post-2015 global sustainable development agenda. These trade-offs can only be resolved if sustainable development policy strategies are coordinated and coherent across goals in the Sustainable Development Goals framework. The paper advocates that increased efficiencies of resource use in production systems along with reduction of wastes and unnecessary consumptive patterns (SCP) are necessary for sustainable development. And, that decoupling of economic activities from the use of natural resources and the impacts of use is a key SCP strategy for the success of the Global Sustainable Development Agenda. However, the report cautions that decoupling strategies would have to be applied differentially by developing and developed countries in context of resource distribution, priority needs of nations and stakeholder interests.

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